Dental health is important during pregnancy, primarily because the condition of the mother’s teeth and mouth may affect the child’s overall wellness. When a pregnant woman develops tooth decay, the bacteria in her mouth may transfer in her child’s saliva. Studies also say that oral diseases are one of the major reasons behind premature and low-birth-weight babies.
At the fourth and sixth month of pregnancy, obstetricians require dental checkups since this is when mothers commonly acquire tooth and gum diseases. According to the practice of Aura Dental, women with dental emergencies can receive treatment during any semester, but procedures that entail anaesthesia and medication require the advice of a physician.
The Probability of Tooth and Gum Diseases
During pregnancy, a woman’s body changes in many ways. Some changes affect the teeth and mouth, which can develop into oral issues. Below are the common dental problems that occur in pregnancy.
- Gingivitis. Because of a hormone, called progesterone, pregnant women have a higher risk of acquiring gingivitis. Without treatment, gingivitis can make the gums swell, which can lead to periodontitis or gum disease.
- Loose Teeth. The teeth become loose during pregnancy because of progesterone and oestrogen. Both hormones affect the tissues and bones that hold the teeth in place.
- Tooth Decay. Women with morning sickness develop strong acid in their mouth that weakens the tooth’s enamel. The acidic reaction results in tooth decay.
- Pregnancy Tumours. Pregnancy tumours are not cancer, but lumps that form on swollen gums. Because of plaque, these tumours may cause gum bleeding. Severe cases of pregnancy tumours may require surgery after giving birth.
Proper Oral Care During Pregnancy
Women should take extra care of their teeth and mouth during pregnancy. Apart from regular brushing and flossing, it is essential to gargle with mouthwash after every brush to rinse the metallic taste of acid in the mouth. This also prevents the buildup of plaque. Of course, regular visits to the dentist are also important.
Consuming too many sugary foods and drinks can lead to tooth decay. Limit your intake of lollies and pick nutritious snacks such as fruits, dairy and yoghurt. Your baby’s teeth start developing between three to six months of pregnancy and nutrients like calcium, protein, and vitamins A, C, and D will help your baby’s teeth grow healthy.
Remember that during pregnancy, you share the same body and nutrients with your baby. Everything you consume affects his or her development and this involves dental health. Make sure that you are receiving the proper care and medical advice during pregnancy.