The Connection Between High Blood Sugar and Eye Problems

Eye Test in Maple GrovePeople who have diabetes or have high levels of blood sugar are likely to have eye problems and may even have a higher chance of going blind. Learning the different ailments provides you with enough time to get treatment or change your lifestyle to prevent them from happening.

Studies have shown that diabetics are 40% likelier to get glaucoma compared to those without the disease. The longer a person has been diabetic, the more common this illness is. An individual suffers from this because of the pressure that accumulates in the eyes. In many cases, this leads to the drainage of aqueous humor to slow, which results in a build in the eyes’ anterior chamber. The built up and accumulated pressure then constricts the blood vessels that bring blood to the optic nerve and retina. This eventually deteriorates vision because of the subsequent nerve damage.


A Maple Grove-based eye clinic cites that diabetic retinopathy is a general term for the retinal disorders caused by the disease; the two major types are proliferative and non-proliferative. The latter is the most common form of this ailment; the ballooning and forming of pouches in the capillaries located in the back of the eyes characterizes this type. This has three stages which are mild, moderate and severe based on the number of blood vessels blocked.

On the other hand, proliferative retinopathy is a progressive disorder. In this category, the damage to the blood vessels is so extensive that they close completely. The response of the eyes is to start growing new ones in the retina. These are weaker versions of the old ones and may leak blood, resulting in a vitreous hemorrhage which may also block vision. The new vessels may also cause scar tissue, which may distort or pull the retina out of place.

High blood sugar and diabetes are treatable ailments; change your lifestyle and listen to your doctor to prevent the onset of possible eye problems as mentioned above.