Water treatment provides safe water to populations without access to such a resource. These populations could be in rural areas wherein there are not any pipelines for clean water, or in metros wherein the untreated water is too dirty for consumption.
In these scenarios, communities can opt to install water treatment systems that would give them potable and clean water daily. Before that though, you need to learn the essentials of water treatment.
Passive and Active Water Treatment
Did you know that passive water treatment involves septic tank alternatives if you do not like the smell of it? This is just one quality that distinguishes passive from active water treatment, which are the two types of water treatment available on the market today.
The active water treatment system normally uses modern machinery, such as septic tanks that will treat dirty water, whereas passive water treatment relies on natural means like sand filters or oxygen-filled hummus to remove the water’s impurities.
Four Essential Steps
Water treatment comprises four steps, namely: coagulation, sedimentation, filtration, and disinfection. First, the water is treated with chemicals that cause dissolved dirt and impurities to coagulate to it.
This forms a big clump that is then removed, and any remnants suspended in the water sink to the bottom as sediment. The water is then filtered to remove smaller remnants. Finally, it is disinfected of any bacteria and stored in tanks or transported via pipes to households.
Grey Water and Black Water
Both passive and active water treatment systems deal with grey and black water. Greywater refers to water left after doing laundry or washing the dishes. Blackwater refers to water flushed down toilets and is full of pathogens or disease-causing bacteria.
Water treatment separates greywater and blackwater. Greywater can be still be useful in irrigating plants or cleaning pavements. Separating them also simplifies the water treatment process, which would just deal with making the blackwater clean.
Water treatment is the process of making dirty water clean again by collecting the dirt, filtering the smaller ones, and disinfecting the water until it is safe for drinking or washing.
Water treatment can either be active, in which it uses machinery and equipment such as septic tanks to treat water, or passive, in which it relies on nature to clean water by using sand or hummus. It’s a good idea to learn about water treatment; after all, it’s a trusted solution for clean water nowadays.