The key to managing diabetes is monitoring blood sugar levels. Many factors affect the amount of glucose in the body. It is important, as a diabetic, to know about these factors so you can manage the disease and avoid complications better.
Here are some of the elements that affect blood sugar levels and ways you can manage them:
A healthy diet is important. For diabetic people, however, it’s one of the factors that ease complications. It’s not enough to be mindful of the food you eat, the amount and the combination of food types should also be a concern.
Food that contains carbohydrates affects blood sugar levels the most. This is why it’s important to keep an eye on your carbohydrate intake. Learn how to count carbohydrates and figure out how much is in the food you eat, especially if you need a dose of insulin at mealtime.
Make sure to know about proper portion sizes for different types of food as well. List down what you regularly stock your refrigerator and pantry with, and write down the right portion size for each. Use measuring cups to determine portion sizes. Health care practitioners from RDNS.com.au recommend enlisting the help of personal care aides if you are having trouble with planning meals.
Exercise (or the lack thereof) can also affect blood sugar levels. When you engage in physical activities, the body uses sugar to give you energy. Moreover, it allows the body to use insulin more effectively.
Although doing household chores can help improve blood sugar levels, it’s still best to have an exercise plan. Consult your doctor about fitness routines right for you. The doctor needs to check your health first before recommending exercises, especially if you’ve been sedentary for a long time. They will also suggest the best time of the day to exercise so that the routine complements meal and medication schedules.
When diet and exercise are not enough to manage diabetes, patients take insulin to reduce blood sugar levels. It’s important, however, to follow proper timing and dosage for these medicines to be effective.
Store insulin properly; don’t keep it in extremely hot or cold temperatures. Talk to your doctor if you find that the medicines cause your blood sugar to drop too low or shoot up. They may suggest new dosages. Consult your doctor before buying over-the-counter medicines to find out how it can affect blood sugar levels.
Live a happy, healthy life as a diabetic patient by keeping an eye on these factors. Get help from health care practitioners for better management of diabetes.